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Histories of Urban Archaeology in Alba Iulia (1916-2016) *** A gyulafehérvári városi régészet történetei (1916–2016)

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Résumé:  

In 1916, when Béla CSERNI, known also as Albert or Adalbert CSERNI, founder of the first museum of Alba Iulia and father of urban archaeology in Transylvania died, he was one of the most  well-known personalities of the discipline in the Danubian region. Due to his titanic work, the Roman archaeological heritage of Alba Iulia became well known in Europe and was cited by the most prominent scholars of the continent. Besides his important contribution to the evolution of local museology, urban archaeology, and ancient history, he was one of the first public archaeologists in the region, writing hundreds of works for the greater public. Since his death, both the Roman and mediaeval archaeological heritage of Alba Iulia increased significantly and faced political, ideological, legal, and theoretical changes. In this article the author will present the dynamics of urban archaeology in Alba Iulia, establishing the main periods and reflecting on the relevant ideological and theoretical changes of the last one hundred years of research, also highlighting some perspectives of future studies.

Keywords: Alba Iulia, urban archaeology, Roman archaeology, Transylvanian history, public archaeology