A műemlékek, történeti épületek rekonstrukciója a nemzetközi dokumentumokban megfogalmazott iránymutatások tükrében *** The Reconstruction of Listed and Unlisted Historic Buildings in the Light of the Guidelines set Forth by the International Documents


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The idea of historic building valuation and conservation gradually started unfolding in Europe from the first third of the 19th century, and this process has comprised and still comprises the rehabilitation in any way of the partially or totally destroyed buildings, i.e. their reconstructive conservation. This pursuit was mainly based on social expectations and has altered in time according to the changes in the said expectations.
The conservator-restorer profession, whose main task is to authentically preserve the historic values and transmit them unchanged as much as possible, has put down from time to time its conceptual opinions on reconstruction in international documents, based on its own professional and ethical approach, while not overlooking the said social expectations at the same time. The interpretation and implementation of the guidelines set forth by the various documents often lead to significantly differing outcomes as well as debates and contradictions.
The current new wave of pursuits for reconstruction, whose occurrence can most certainly be reinforced by the change in the historic buildings-built cultural heritage paradigm, raises the need for reviewing and assessing the previous guidelines, drawing the possible morals and wording the recommendations. A brief overview of the antecedents: the current theoretical and practical formulations regarding reconstruction based on the Athens Charter (1931), the Venice Charter (1964), the Nara Document on Authenticity (1994), the 2000 Cracow Charter, as well as the Riga Charter (2000). The challenges arising from the use of the new technical tools available in the 21st century (mostly IT tools), both in the case of real, material, and virtual reconstruction.
And finally, we shall present the possibilities of drafting new international documents on the reconstruction of listed and unlisted historic buildings, the need thereof, especially focusing on the decision concerning their target audience.

Keywords: reconstruction, international documents, authenticity, IT, changes in the monument, built heritage paradigm