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The competition for the honorary title of European Capital of Culture has led to extensive local policies for the conservation and rehabilitation of the historic centres of Timişoara, Arad, and Oradea. The results are visually spectacular and the ambient quality of the public space is improved.
However, analysing the work methods and the inconsistencies with the requirements of a correct, substantive conservation, it is noted that in the context of prioritising interventions on the building envelope, first of all, to which financial and time constraints are added, there are a number of risks concerning the durability of the works and the health of the occupants of heritage buildings and public spaces in protected areas.
Keywords: conservation, heritage, urban historic centres, European Capital of Culture