Systems and Schools of Bulwarked Fortification Adopted in Elvas (Portugal) *** Sisteme şi tipuri de fortificaţii bastionare adoptate în Elvas (Portugalia)


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The article presents, in a short version, the system of bulwarked fortification adopted in the historical centre of Elvas. It stresses the role of the Jesuit COSMANDER, who in the course of design used the treatise of MAROLOIS as theoretical reference. The comparison between the MAROLOIS’ treatise and the fortification in Elvas reveals that the fortification’s
construction was indeed the adaptation of the Old Dutch Method to the town’s irregular ground.
Keywords: Elvas, COSMANDER, System of Bulwarked Fortification, Old Dutch Method