This article presents several landmarks from the history of the buildings and landscape design of the Wesselényi Manor House Park in Jibou (Sălaj Co.), highlighting at the same time the compositional characteristics of the various stages it has been through: from a formal, geometric landscape design, documented in the 19th century, to a mixed style one, documented at the beginning of the 20th century and to the recent elements, after the second half of the 20th century, created when it received the overlapping function of botanical garden.
The park is listed as historic ensemble in the 2004 and 2010 Historic Buildings’ List. The current image of the former historical garden (with a small surface compared to the surface of the botanical garden ensemble) refers to period compositional principles interpreted in new ways using relatively recent vegetal material, while a series of the valuable elements belonging to the former landscape design have been lost. The article describes the main built and landscaped elements of the ensemble, the relationships developed between them and with the settlement, respectively with the surrounding landscape, as they were observed by the author in the summer of 2007, in an effort to sketch a brief inventory of the ensemble’s current state.
Keywords: Residential historic garden, botanical garden, geometric style design, mixed
style design, from 18th to 21st centuries