The article discusses, at international level, the concerns for the protection of built heritage, as well as for sustainable development, where culture plays an important role. Comparing the international situation with the one in Romania, the practice in the country seems to be far from
the general principles, highly desirable in theory and expressed through different documents, adopted for the integrated preservation of towns and the traditional urban fabric. These ideas are illustrated with examples from Bucharest, which are demonstrative for the entire country as well.
Keywords: cultural heritage, built heritage, charters, conventions, sustainability