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„Bucureşti 2000” şi valorificarea fondului monumental *** “Bucharest 2000” and the Enhancement of the Historic Building Stock

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In 1989, Bucharest had the unique opportunity to make up for the deficit of institutional area rejected by the communist administration, on the one hand, and to enhance the remaining historic city after the zonal restructuration of the same administration, on the other hand. In the decade from 1990 to 2000, the energies focus on the clear territory from the area of the New Civic Centre started by CEAUŞESCU, which makes it possible to avoid going on losing the built substance from the rest of the city. In the beginning of the decade 2000-2010, the initiators of the “Bucharest 2000” (B 2000) international
competition give up the operation started on clear land, and transfer the building energies on occupied sites from the rest of the urban area. The advantages offered by the rebuilding at monumental scale of the B 2000 area (compact land, state owned, cleared of buildings, with good accessibility, with zonation possibilities, new infrastructure, the prestige and costs
of the international competition, etc.) were thus lost in exchange for the disadvantages imposed by the random and petty restructuring of the existent city (small dispersed plots, private property, with modest accessibility, old infrastructure, but containing a rental stock with original cultural value). Not only that the existent investments were not exploited, but
also losses were caused in the old city, and these losses are caused even today with the contribution of the investors and designers, of the relevant local and central administrations. The present and perspective motive of this approach harmful for the public interest is the cornering and speculation of the land resources of the historic Capital for private interests.
Keywords: historic building heritage, urban planning competition, the New Civic Centre, historic centre, complementary intervention, inappropriate investments, cultural loss