Patologia şi reabilitarea construcţiilor – curs master al Universităţii Tehnice din Cluj-Napoca *** Building Pathology and Rehabilitation – Master’s Course at the Technical University of Cluj-Napoca


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During the first half of the ‘90s, those who wished to acquire, in an organised manner, information (including professional general knowledge) regarding built heritage (historic buildings and especially historic loadbearing structures) had to follow abroad (mostly in Budapest) courses on historic building protection. The number of specialists increased slowly. In 1998, Babeş-Bolyai University (UBB2) launched the Postgraduate Studies on Historic Building Conservation, co-organised with the Transylvania Trust Foundation (FTT3), based on the similar course of the Technical University of Budapest (mostly focused on structural issues), which has reached by now its 7th graduating class. The certification of specialists began with the entry into force of the Law Regarding Built Heritage Protection (422/2001). Obtaining a specialised training diploma is not a prerequisite, but is taken into account as experience. There is, however, no list of acceptable and unacceptable courses or internships, thus any course that has one of the expressions “rehabilitation”, “consolidation”, etc. in its title can be converted into years of experience. After 2008, with the beginning of the economic crisis, the number of new buildings was reduced drastically. The construction market focused on existing buildings, so that the interest in specialised master’s courses of Technical Universities also increased. At the beginning, in the last decade of the 20th century, those who specialised in historic building rehabilitation imposed with difficulty their professional points of view on the foremen, site supervisors and inspectors, with whom they did not speak the same technical and specialised language. The situation today is more refined, but not at all reassuring. We wonder how can common conclusions be reached between alumni of the postgraduate course or the new generation of young specialists, trained in research and design teams under the guidance of specialists with 20 years of experience in the field, and one who graduated the master’s course of the Technical University of Cluj-Napoca (UTCN4), where phenomena and expressions such as “the breathing of the structure”, historic structural materials and concepts, compatibility or its values are not addressed at any level, and no other studies but the geotechnical ones are mentioned as necessary. This study analyses the frame-content of the courses of Masonry Structures Consolidation and the research and design activity within the course of Timber Structures Pathology and Rehabilitation, in comparison with the principles taught in the UBB-FTT postgraduate specialisation and the international principles.
Keywords: education, historic load-bearing structure, pathology, diagnosis, consolidation, intervention