TN 2/2011

A11201

Cím:
Várak, romok helyreállítása *** Conservation of Castles and Ruins

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The article presents the conservation practice of castles and ruins. While for the conservation works under the National Inspectorate of Historic Monuments scientific validation and inventive modernist architecture were primary features, signs of hesitation have risen recently.

A11202

Cím:
Fortresses Once Again in Use *** Fortificaţiile din nou în folosinţă

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Tallinn erődített városa már a középkorban nevezetes volt kivételes, Észak-Európában szinte példátlan városfaláról. A városfalon túl a tengerpartot és a kikötõt valószínűleg további, önálló szerkezetek is védték. A városon kívüli, attól független erõdítményeket legkorábban a XVII.

A11203

Cím:
Introducing the Prussian System to the Coastal Defence of Tallinn, an Important Naval Base of the Russian Empire (1820-1840) *** Az Orosz Birodalom jelentős flottatámaszpontja, Tallinn tengerparti védelmének porosz típusú megerősítése (1820–1840)

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Tallinn, as a fortified town, was known in the Middle Ages for the remarkable dimensions of its curtain walls, almost unseen elsewhere in Northern Europe. There probably were as well some solitary defence structures away from the town wall, in order to protect the coast and harbour.

A11204

Cím:
Castle Ruins in Western Slovakia *** Cetăţi în ruine în vestul Slovaciei

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The first part of the lecture discusses the survey of the situation of castle and castle ruin conservation in Slovakia during the last 50 years.

A11205

Cím:
Várak és civil szervezetek Magyarországon *** Castles and Non-Governmental Organisations in Hungary

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Magyarországon a várakkal foglalkozó civil szervezetek a rendszerváltásig csak elenyészõ számban léteztek. Az 1990-es évektõl számuk gombamód megszaporodott. Általában egy-egy várhoz kapcsolódva, a környéken lakók szervezõdtek különbözõ társaságokba.

A11206

Cím:
Systems and Schools of Bulwarked Fortification Adopted in Elvas (Portugal) *** Sisteme şi tipuri de fortificaţii bastionare adoptate în Elvas (Portugalia)

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The article presents, in a short version, the system of bulwarked fortification adopted in the historical centre of Elvas. It stresses the role of the Jesuit COSMANDER, who in the course of design used the treatise of MAROLOIS as theoretical reference.

A11207

Cím:
Short History about the Historical Development of Fortifications in Europe and their Typology in Modern Age *** Scurt istoric despre evoluţia fortificaţiilor în Europa şi tipologia acestora în epoca modernă

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Using the example of pictures, the report shows a short history about the historical development of fortifications in Europe and their typology in modern age.